Adjust your irrigation for the seasons

Wet Season

There is really only one irrigation rule of thumb in the wet season.Turn it off when it rains! However, keep an eye on your garden and only water it if it looks really thirsty.

Most years, between January and March you can almost 'hear' your garden grow, so why not let the rain do the watering for you for a couple of months and switch your irrigation system to 'off', just keeping an eye on your plants and giving them a drink when they need it.  

You could save up to $200 on your water bill. This saving is based on a flow rate of 25 litres per minute (average irrigation systems). On a controller that has four zones each set to run 20 minutes per day, you would save 120,000 litres or $218 in that period.

Other things to consider for a healthy garden (and wallet) during the wet season:

  • Get your secateurs out and prune!  

  • In the heat and humidity weeds and pests thrive. Keep an eye out for them during the wet so you are not overrun by the dry.

  • Not sure how to turn off your irrigation system for the wet season? Most of the time it's just a matter of pressing the OFF button, or you can switch it off at the wall. If you have lost the manual for your irrigation controller and don't feel confident without it, you may find it here or search for it online.

  • Some homeowners tell us that they are worried about turning off their irrigation for a few months in the wet season in case it deletes their system's watering schedule. Most irrigation controllers will save the schedule, so it will be there when you are ready to turn it back on. If you have any problems you could book in a Garden Tune Up at the start of the dry and an expert irrigator can schedule your irrigation to be water efficient and specific to your garden.

  • It is a good idea to turn your irrigation on for a few minutes each week to keep it well maintained and ready for use in the dry season. Also, take the time to check for split irrigation pipes and hoses or missing drippers. 

  • The end of the wet season is a good time to fertilise (make sure it's an organic fertiliser), mulch and get veggie beds ready for planting.

Dry Season

Great gardens need great irrigation schedules. Generally, your garden only needs 30 mm of water each week to thrive. To achieve this you need to think about:

  • Ensuring that you are watering for the right amount of minutes each time you water.
  • Ensuring that you are watering at the right frequency, i.e. the number of times you week per week.
  • Ensuring that you are wetting the soil to the depth of the plant roots only, rather than flooding the garden or lawn.  

You can work out how much water your sprinklers are applying to your lawn by doing a catch can test

More water doesn’t mean a better garden. If you water too frequently your plants will be shallow rooted and nutrients will be washed away. Even if you put lots of water on every day, roots will not grow deep and will only be able to access a small amount of groundwater and nutrients.

Different plant types need different amounts of water at different intervals. If you're planning your garden, or putting in new plants, think about grouping your plants according to how much water they need.  This is called hydrozoning.  You can then set up you irrigation into zones so that you can water each group of plants just the right amount according to their needs.  And easy way to group plants is:

  • Group 1:  Fruit trees and exotics
  • Group 2:  Natives
  • Group 3:  Lawn

When setting your watering times for different plant types, an easy watering guide to follow in the dry season is the 3, 2, 1 Watering Guide:


Many Top End soils struggle to hold water and food for plants. Top End soils are generally sandy or clay loams and have a low water holding capacity with high percolation rates. This means they don't retain water and nutrients very well which can affect the health of plants. The secret to creating a beautiful, water efficient garden in the Top End is getting the condition of your soil right, so it is full of healthy micro-organisms to help feed and maintain the vigor of your plants.

Three easy ways of improving your soil condition are:

  1. Mulch
  2. Organic fertilisers
  3. Wetting agents


  • Mulch, mulch, mulch! It is not only good for your plant's health, but will increase moisture retention within the soil.
  • Mulch will also help keep plant roots cool, assist in suppressing weeds, add biomass to soil structure and can assist with drainage.
  • Rich organic mulches are vital for plant nutrients, maintaining soil quality and to prevent erosion.
  • Remember, mulch pushed against tree trunks can encourage rotting during the wet, so make sure there is space around the truck to allow for airflow.

We recommend you take advantage of our free Garden Tune Up  where one of our registered irrigators will help you schedule your irrigation controller so that you have a water efficient garden that will thrive!

Living Water Smart's Garden Tune Up provided a free garden irrigation audit at your home or business by one of our registered irrigation experts. The irrigator will reprogram your irrigation controller to provide your garden with the water it needs, when it needs it. It also includes up to $50 of on-the-spot irrigation repairs.